Tuesday, 7 July 2020

Corona Virus and Response of the people in the world

The pandemic coronavirus broke down in China by the last the month of year 2019, which gives it the name COVID-19. It was an unexpected and unbelievable once it was spread in the city of WAHAN China taking the lives of thousands of the people in the city and it was discussed in the whole world as new diseases break down in China and no one knew any treatment. Its symptoms were like a normal flue and not known it was contiguous, people did not think of social and physical distance and about the isolation that happened to take the life many people in Wahan and spread in some other cities. People found out its spreading from one person to another person after a month-long time thousands of people became victims of it in China and reached to other countries of the world none of the country in the word leftover from it. China controlled on it by locking down, social distances and isolation of the people who fell of the pandemic, some news spread in the world they used to kill  those who got the symptoms of corona I don’t know how much true it.

The world perception of Corona Virus: In the beginning, once it has happened in China many people in the blame on the United States of America, a conspiracy that it is the trick of The United States of America against China and there were thousands of assumption on this pandemic. Then after months, it started to spread all over the world gradually, from one country to another country and the United States became the worst of the hit of the coronavirus thousands of people died of it in a day and then some of the European countries became the second such as Italy, and Spain was the top victims of the pandemic. It sad to say that all the scientist and high researchers in the field of medicine are unable to discover the pandemic and invent any medicine for last seven moths million of people  died of it and billion have been affected by this disease until now. Some countries controlled on it with lock downs, and social distances still none could be able to out of this pandemic in 100%. Many countries in the world thousands of lives lost of the pandemic.

Responses of the people

In the very beginning once it was in China, the other countries went on different myths as mentioned blame on the United States of America as conspiracy, and especially the Muslims unbelievable comments passed through as they will not be touched by the virus. It began to spread fast to other countries, the first very Islamic country was hit by the virus and continuously all over the world, then different countries began to ban on traveling from one country to another country and on the people from the countries where the pandemic hit. All the international flights stopped by the government and domestic flight within the countries closed. Gradually as the pandemic went higher people response began more cautious the inter cities transports were banned, social and physical distances implemented, but there was not any the positive impact of it, the positive cases became higher and higher and became lockdowns and another safety measure like no public gatherings, even places of prayers mosques and churches closed and markets were closed except grocery and medical stores. Transport system completely closed and screening of travelers from one destination to the other.  People faced challenges as well the government during the pandemic to hear the comments of the public. The pandemic still goes higher and the world went all lockdowns all over the world, all the supply chains of daily needs closed for days, weeks and months with the advice of the World Health Organization and the respective health departments of the respective countries. In some countries got positive impacts of these lockdowns but some countries like Pakistan the people did not follow the advice and still, the cases go higher.  The public of the whole world did not follow the rules same and some countries followed the strictly and some countries did not do so now the result different now. The countries that followed the rules have positive impacts their life retained to normal life, all the supply chains and stakeholders are open to their work and do their activities but the countries that did not follow the rules and safety measures advised by the concern authorities are still in crises and positive cases increase daily as usual and the government of those countries unable to control on the corona cases.

Some of the countries opened the transportation systems the air travels and land travel within their countries and beyond the countries. All the supply chains are normal now. At this moment the whole world is still in crises because the world economy badly affected by this pandemic, many of the people lost their jobs, businesses flopped for months, life activities broke up staying at homes expenses increased like this the world is now in the worst condition crises and still on the way to find out the ways to face the pandemic. The world has been failed to find a solution to get free of the pandemic. The whole world is busy in search of any ways to mitigate this the disease which claimed billions of lives and affected the world economy beyond the reach of human beings. 

Economy the world and COVID-19

The outbreak of the pandemic Corona Virus all over the world has disturbed the political, social, economic, religious, and financial structures of the whole world. World’s topmost economies such as the US, China, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Japan, and many others are on the verge of collapse. Besides, Stock Markets around the world have been pounded and oil prices have fallen off a cliff. In just a week 3.3 million Americans applied for unemployment and a week later another million people started searching for jobs. Also, many experts on economic and financial matters have warned about the worsening condition of global economic and financial structure. Such as Kristalina Georgieva, Managing Director of International Monitory Fund (IMF), explained that “a recession at least as bad as during the Global Financial Crisis or worse”. Moreover, Covid-19 is harming the global economy because the world has been experiencing the most difficult economic situation since World War-II. When it comes to the human cost of the pandemic it is immeasurable therefore all countries need to work together with cooperation and coordination to protect human beings as well as limit the economic damages. For instance, the lockdown has restricted various businesses such as traveling to contain the virus consequently this business is coming to an abrupt halt globally.

Keeping in a view the staggering situation G-20 nations called an emergency meeting to discuss worsening conditions and prepare a strategy to combat Covid-19 as losses could be reduced. The spread of the epidemic is picking up speed and causing more economic damages. It is stated by the U.S. official from federal reserve’s that American unemployment would be 30% and its economy would shrink by half. As for the jobs of common people are concerned, there is also a real threat of losing their jobs because with business shutting down that shows that companies will be unable to pay to workers resultantly they have to lay off them. While when it comes to the stock market, it is severely damaged by Covid-19 such as the stock markets in the world is down about thirty percent. By looking over the existing condition of several businesses, most of the investors are removing its money from multiple businesses in this regard $83 billion has already removed from emerging markets since the outbreak of Covid-19. So, the impact of Covid-19 is severe on the economic structure of the world because people are not spending money resultantly businesses are not getting revenue therefore most of the businesses are shutting up shops.

It also observed that the economic recovery from this fatal disease is only possible by 2021 because it has left severe impacts on the global economy and the countries face multiple difficulties to bring it back in a stable condition. Most of the nations are going through recession and collapse of their economic structure that points out the staggering conditions for them in this regard almost 80 countries have already requested International Monetary Fund (IMF) for financial help. Such as Prime Minister of Pakistan Imran Khan also requested IMF to help Islamabad to fight against Novel Coronavirus. Furthermore, there is uncertainty and unpredictability concerning the spread of Coronavirus. So, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) stated that global growth could be cut in half to 1.5% in 2020 if the virus continues to spread. Most economists have already predicted about the recession to happen because there is no surety and still no one knows  how for this pandemic fall and how long the impact would be is still difficult to predict. Besides, Bernard M. Wolf, professor, Economics Schulich School of The business said that “it is catastrophic and we have never seen anything like this, we have a huge portion of the economy and people under lockdown that’s going to have a huge impact on what can be produced and not produced”.

As Covid-19 has already become a reason for closing the multiple businesses and closure of supermarkets which seems empty nowadays. Therefore, many economists have fear and predicted that the pandemic could lead to inflation. For instance, Bloomberg Economics warns that “full-year GDP growth could fall to zero in a worst-case pandemic scenario”. There are various sectors and economies that seem most vulnerable because of this pandemic, such as, both the demand and supply have been affected by the virus, as a result of depressed activity Foreign Direct Investment flows could fall between 5 to 15 percent. Besides, the most affected sectors have become vulnerable such as tourism and travel-related industries, hotels, restaurants, sports events, consumer electronics, financial markets, transportation, and overload of health systems. Diane Swonk, Chief Economist at the Advisory Firm Grant Thornton, explained that “various nations have multinational companies that operate in the world because the economy is global. For instance, China has touchpoints into every other economy in the world, they are part of the global supply chain. So one should shut down production in the U.S. by shutting down production in China”. Besides, Kristalina Georgieva in a press release suggested that four things need to be done to fight against Covid-19 and avoid or minimize losses. Firstly, continue with essential containment measures and support for the health system. Secondly, shield affected people and firms with large timely targeted fiscal and financial sector measures. Thirdly, reduce stress to the financial system and avoid con tangent. Fourthly, must plan for recovery and must minimize the potential scaring effects of the crisis through policy action. Concerning the serious and worsening conditions all over the world, nations need cooperation and coordination among themselves including the help and mature as well as sensible behavior of people to effectively fight against Coronavirus. Otherwise, because of the globalized and connected world, wrong actions and policies taken by any state will leave a severe impact on other countries as well. This is not the time of political point-scoring and fight with each other rather it is high time for states to cooperate, coordinate, and help each other to defeat this fatal pandemic first for saving the global economic and financial structure.


Monday, 29 June 2020

COVID-19 and Restart of Tourism

The tourism industry is going to reborn after a long waiting. The breakdown of COVID-19 standstill the tourism industry that suffered the world of tourism and the people related to this business went into the worst crisis situation. It does not only affect the tourism-related but also the other business-related people who are indirectly benefiting from this industry. The world is in a miserable position because of this pandemic that destroyed the economy every lifestyle has been affected by it where tourism is the top hit of the pandemic. Some of the countries have 80 percent of their economy depend on tourism such as Nepal, Thailand and some others are now in a vulnerable position, the top category of the people to the lowest category of the people being the victim of this pandemic that is beyond imagination. The situation shows that it will not last soon and the life of the people is going to be into more and more crises.

We are hearing some good news from the world that tourism is going to be restart with some strict rules and regulations with the advice of the World Health Organization and the World Travel Organization that encourages tourism-related people. On the one hand, it is encouraging, but on the other hand, it discouraging. Tourism is a word that means to enjoy life, to spend some leisure time being free of all the tensions of the world some hide him in joys and spend time visiting places offer excitement. Once someone leaves his home towards a place where he/she has not been in life, but sometimes people visit their places of choice continuously for again and again to kill the thirst of nature and enjoy their holidays. At this moment and situation, all these are not possible because you see the standards implemented for visitors. The visitors are bound to stay in their places of choice, not free to move around as they want. This means it not a holiday. The SOPs are set up for each and every individual and bond to follow up them, in any case, in anywhere you go. As we see the whole world is afraid of going out home and from one place to another place from one country to another country. The places of visit need to be sterilized by using chemicals that affect real nature and it does not stay as natural as it is. Staying the night in a hotel and places of eating in the same way, people are bond to keep a physical distance that is another disturbance during the holidays. Looking to all these SOPs, and endorsement I am not sure people go out of their homes on holidays and would enjoy it. It seems another risk of caring for the virus to and from the places and people they visit. It is not out of danger for tourism in this way that I mentioned in this post. I would like to see the feedback in the comment box below whether I am right or wrong.

Advantages of restarting tourism

The second very important as a tour operator for me is encouraging about the rule set up for the visitors compulsory to book the trip with tour operators is encouraging for the tour operators, but discouraging for domestic visitors. The travel agent and tour operators will directly benefit from it, and the other business-related tourism will indirectly benefit from it. As we talk about adventure tourism mostly related to the north the great mountainous part of Pakistan which has a very short season for it, already passed more than half of the season. Restarting tourism will be encouraging for the mountain communities such as the porters in Skardu and other parts where huge groups of adventure travelers use to go and become a source of economy for the mountain communities. The coronavirus has left the worst affect them to along the tour operators. This will not only encourage the tour but also the business in north Pakistan who are part of the supply chain of tourism, such as the transporters, shopkeepers who provide food items for trekkers and climbers throughout the season. As we think about the tourism industry there is not any business side that has not connected with the tourism industry. The hotel industry has been the worst hit of the corona, reopening of tourism will encourage this industry the employees of the hotel have lost their jobs they will be back to their jobs and continue it. Most of the hotels are on rent in the country again this short of reopening will be source those people to pay some part of the rent from it.

Disadvantages of restarting of the tourism industry

With the advantages of reopening it is not out of some disadvantages. The very first one is huge and extra responsibilities on tour operators to make sure the implementation of the SOPs by the visitors, staff, and all the counterparts of the tour. The prices of the trip will be more than usual prices because of extra services such as having sanitizers, globes, and other equipment against the virus. The hotel prices will be more than as usual to make sure the provision of all the necessities for the visitors.  The visitors will not be relaxed as following the SOPs, stopping on entry points for screening waiting on lines. In case of having symptoms of the virus will be disappointing to cancel the trip and rushing to quarantines.

Challenges for the supply chain of the Tourism Industry

The very first challenge is the provision of all those equipment in order to comply with SOPs for the stakeholders and manage by the visitors themselves that will be the top priority in the SOPs.

There is a mass of other challenges for all the supply chains of the tourism industry like implementations of the safety measures that have been set up. It is not easy to maintain for all properly because in some areas we do not have facilities to keep update the safety measures, especially domestic visitors are challenging for all we are not well followers of rules and regulations and do not take care of things going bad or well. The international visitors will not be challenging. It will be challenging for the hoteliers to maintain the safety measures properly as mentioned in the government notification keeping all the things update disinfecting time to time is not an easy job and there are still risks for the whole workers in the field. For adventure tourism we have challenges to adjust porters in a camping area in physical distances, especially on Baltoro K2 Base Camp trek where we need a huge group of porters for few people it will be challenging to make sure the safety measures.  Taking actions against the SOPs violators will be a challenge for concern departments in different parts of the visiting areas. Setting check posts, screening points, and other such things are challenges for the government. For the suppliers of food and other supplies need to be disinfected, for the transporters disinfect the vehicles twice before and after us, by people, all these are top challenges for the stakeholders.  

Risks factors

It is not out of risk restarting tourism during this pandemic because this is something not knowing how and when this virus attacks and the symptoms could not be known anytime. There is a big risk to take people from one place to another place. Keeping people in the physical distance during the traveling is not an easy task while seating in vehicles and seating for eating if you don’t keep distance it is high risk. People will carry viruses from one place to another place it is not easy to maintain the safety measures during adventure tourism. It is another risk if someone attacks by the virus in the mountains it is not easy to access to a hospital there is high risk expiring once the virus attacks someone. In the wilderness, there are no facilities of treatment properly and the virus can spread highly to other people, carrying all the safety measures is impossible at all. The risk of carrying the virus by the visitors to the unaffected areas is a high concern. The local people's interaction is not without risk.

In conclusion I can favor the control tourism by following the SOPs strictly making sure the safety of all supply chains of tourism. This will encourage both the risk-taking visitors and tour organizers who are optimistic to restart tourism during this situation. It is very important to operate with specific counters such as opening some of the hotels with good management and fewer interactions with locals. The tourist spots need to be chosen to looking to the safety measures, otherwise, it will be crowded will not be free from risk at all if we open all parts of tourism spots and all the hotels. It will not be possible to make sure the implementation of the SOPs and safety measures if we open it for all. The tour operators and hoteliers need to be more active and responsible for their duties making sure all the activities are going smoothly and safely. This will not only beneficial for the moment but will leave a positive impact on tourism to continue for the future too. If it does not go well then we will be waiting for longer to recover tourism because it is a sensitive industry that needs safety and the travelers visit somewhere to enjoy their holidays not to be in risks. As I mentioned earlier we will have more domestic tourist and less foreign tourist I am afraid we are more careless than the foreigners, the concern authorities need to be more responsible to make sure the implementation of the safety measures that will enable us to reopen and recover tourism industry as usual on the other hand if we keep ourselves less responsible this will leave negative effect and will take years and years to recover tourism in Pakistan.  At last but not least I hope our concerned departments and responsible will do their best to restart and safe tourism in the country.

I will appreciate your positive feedback in the comment box below.

Friday, 26 June 2020

COVID-19 and Tourim


Tourism is one of the worst-hit industries globally by Covid-19.  It is feared that the losses from the pandemic can be substantially higher than the estimated figures, as the world is facing an unprecedented situation. Local economic crisis on the tourism sector, owing to Covid-19 is an unparalleled scenario with further uncertainties, as how long it is going to last and thus losses will have to be constantly revised as circumstances change. Therefore, the tourism industry all over the world is devising different policies and strategies to switch on to the survival mode by initiating controlled tourism activities. This refers that some activities pertaining to the tourism industry may be initiated, while minimizing the risk of pandemic of Covid-19 with minimum public interactions. It is will support the stakeholders related to the industry for survival and will help in avoiding the complete collapse of the tourism sector.

Keeping in view the national and global scenario in view, it is imperative for the Government of GB, to provide the industry with the right tools, resources, and relief packages for its survival and to bounce back effectively, during this difficult time. As the tourism business model in Gilgit-Baltistan is primarily focused on catering to the needs of national and international tourists, therefore, the domestic and foreign tourist may be attracted to visit un-crowded tourist destination like natural parks, mountains, rocks, forests, etc. Similarly, activities which involves less crowed and public alike mountaineering, trekking, paragliding, and rock climbing can be promoted. We may initiate all necessary measures to attract tourists to visit an un-crowded touristic destination instead of visiting crowded places. This mode of controlled tourism may be helpful in attracting foreigners and domestic tourists to GB, thus giving the industry some necessary support for survival in this time of Covid-19. The following SOPs are devised by the Department of Tourism GB in consultation with all stakeholders to initiate Controlled Tourism Activities in GB.



“No Mask No Tourism”

For the survival of the tourism sector in GB during the pandemic of COVID-19, tourism activities shall be started in controlled mode, wherein, all the Tourists shall be bound to visit GB thorough registered Tour Operators. Group tourism shall be encouraged in GB to avoid minimum community interactions and to follow social-distancing guidelines. Adventure Tourism for trekking, expeditions, and hiking will be encouraged, wherein minimum community interaction will be ensured. Tour operators shall be bound to take the tourist to the designated tourist destinations defined by GB Government.

Tourists shall not be allowed in red zones, declared by the government of GB during this COVID -19 Pandemic. This information will be disseminated at entry points of GB in view of the Daily Situation Report.

Tourists must be bound to reserve/ book rooms/hotels through Tour Operators in tourist facilities prior to visiting Gilgit-Baltistan. All necessary documentation and record shall be compiled by the tour operator.

The fresh COVID-19 test result will be mandatory for all travelers/tourists (not older than 07 Days).  In case of positive results, they shall not be allowed to proceed further from entry points. The tour operator shall share all information pertaining to the tourist i.e. medical and travel history etc.

Screening and Registration of the Tourist will be mandatory at all screening points/ entry points. The Tourism Department, GB will register and develop a database reflecting all the details of tourists (domestic and international separately) in the jurisdiction of Gilgit-Baltistan, whereas, Health Department will carry out screening. Tour Operators shall be bound to provide all necessary information pertaining to visiting groups.

Tourist Police shall be deployed at each entry point in GB and each district to assist the Tourism Department, and District Administration.

Information Desks shall be established by District Administration, Tourist Police, Tourism Department, and Health Department GB for close coordination.  Tour Operators must remain in close contact with all stakeholders for the submission of information pertaining to a visiting group of tourists.

The SYMPTOMATIC/COMORBIDITY tourist should be QUARANTINED immediately at his own expense at the hotel and return to his native residence as soon as possible. It will be the responsibility of the Tour Operators to quarantine the symptomatic tourist in hotels, Government of GB will not bear any expense for the tourist infected by COVID-19 within GB.

District Administration, 1122 Department, Tourism Department and Tourist Police 1422shall ensure the establishment of Helpline for tourists. The Directorate of Tourism will establish control room for coordination with all stakeholders.

If someone gets symptoms of COVID-19, they shall call the helpline of 1122 and 1422, Tourist Police through a tour operator, before visiting hospitals, concerned Assistant Director and District Administration shall compile information and maintain a database though designated Tour Operator.


 District Hotel Associations will make a list of Hotels and submit it to the Tourism Department, GB and tour Operator who are willing to run their hotels under the defined SOPs.

Tourism Department, GB will draft a checklist along with the SOPs already defined to allow the Hoteliers and Tour Operators to open their business. The undertaking of this checklist will be vital to each stakeholder.

The Tourism Department, GB will issue NOC to the Hotels for Operationalization after setting certain criteria.

Paying guests shall not be allowed to enter in GB.

Prior to the operationalization of hotels PCR testing of employees of the hotel are mandatory.

Display posters for promoting respiratory hygiene. Combine this with other communication measures such as offering guidance.

Information pertaining to COVID-19 and the importance of social distancing should be placed at the reception of hotels and conspicuous areas of the facility.

CCTV camera should be installed at Entrance, Reception and Restaurant with a minimum of 24 hours of recording.

Rooms should be disinfected prior to check-in of each guest.

Mask, gloves, and sanitizer should be placed in each Rooms.

The Hoteliers and Tour Operators must share the booking of each tourist with concerned district tourism office on a daily basis. The report must contain information regarding visits of the tourist and latest medical history in the form of daily basis declaration form (prepared by the health department) of the tourist reflecting all the details i.e. daily tourist plan, medical history. The manager of the hotel shall be responsible to maintain all records and registered. The AD Tourism will further disseminate it with the Directorate/ Secretariat of Tourism and Concerned DC on a daily basis.

Local Government/ Waste Management Company will be responsible for waste management i.e. installation of the waste bin at tourist places, waste collection, and disposal in proper waste bags. Littering on the tourist destination must be dealt with relevant laws by imposing fines by the Local Government Department.

The employer shall monitor their employee’s temperature each day with thermogenic. If found fever or comorbidity, the employee shall be sent to the hospital, and information thereof be sent to AD Tourism.

Display posters with a message regarding COVID-19 in Hotels, Restaurants, and Tour Operator offices, etc.

The information shall be in Urdu/ English language or in the form of pictorial presentation.

The distance of 6 feet shall be maintained.

All employees including managers and allied staff of the facility must be trained on COVID-19.

Temperature checks at the entrance of the hotel should be mandatory with thermal guns at the main entrance.

Guests having fever and comorbidity should be requested to return or should be Quarantined on his own expenses at the hotel and return to his native residence as soon as possible.

Arrangements to be made for indicating social distancing, e.g. by marking the ground with adhesive tape, and drawing lines in areas such as the reception desk or areas where crowds can be expected. Information brochures and notes are readily available to guests at the first touchpoint in order to familiarize themselves with the measures are taken and practices adopted regarding health and hygiene in the hotel

Keep sanitizer for guests to use at the main entrance of the hotel.

Masks shall be made available in the hotel, guest house a rest house, and in other facilities.

To ensure disinfection and clean guest luggage after informing the guests

If the guest is arriving from restricted countries or regions, the concerned management of hotel must ensure to get detailed information from the guest upfront before arrival or at time of making the reservation and share with Tourism Department and Home Department

For all pre-booked guests, all check-in formalities should be completed online to reduce contact and time at the front desk.

Dissemination of safety, hygiene, and other instructions to the guests as per the new SOPs.

Ensure staff members are wearing masks & gloves at all-time.

Keep paper, envelopes and all equipment sanitized.

If dealing with cash money, ensure both employee and guest use hand sanitizer after each transaction.

Due to Social Distancing norms, allocate 01 room for one person/1 family and 75% occupancy should be maintained out of 100 %. However, individuals in the groups should be given separate rooms, the remaining 25% should be kept for  the quarantine facility.

Guests’ instructions given at the reception should include instructions on how the rooms are sanitized at regular intervals.

Hotel management must ensure Housekeeping staff to wear safety gear.

Keep sanitizer at regular intervals in the corridors and small dispensers in the rooms.

Laundry, room service instructions should be available in the room for the new SOPs being implemented.

Room linen to be changed on a daily basis.

Create a separate check-out area if it getting over-crowded.

Advise the guests to inform their check-out plans in advance so that bills can be made ready.

Waste Management protocol to be prepared by the hotel management and these measures should be recorded and checked by the relevant manager. However, the quarantine room’s waster must be dealt with separately according to the protocols of health department.

Hotel management and  should appoint an officer to follow the entire process on waste management.

Sanitation items and personal protection equipment (PPE) shall be properly and safely dispose of. Keep swabs that guests can use with sanitizer to clean their cell phones or credit cards etc. in the Hotels. A trash can and other cleaning equipment shall be periodically disinfected.

Necessary cleaning and disinfection processes required to be carried out in the garbage rooms periodically.


 Prior to the operationalization of the Restaurant PCR testing of employees is mandatory.

To reduce the number of tables to maintain Social Distancingnorms, seating for the dining tables to be reduced to half of the capacity of the restaurant. There should be no crowed in a restaurant, management should inform the guests about the availability of dining tables.

On arrival, instructions should explain to guests that they should come down to the restaurants only when a table is available to avoid crowding.

Staff must be trained for minimal contact/communication during service.

Ensure staff is wearing protective equipment like masks, gloves and hairnets.

Use disposable napkins which are pre-packed or individually packed serviettes.

Keep sanitizer for guests and staff use on the reception counter.

Keep swabs that guests can use with sanitizer to clean their cell phones or credit cards etc.

The "Open Buffet arrangement" should have social distancing measures have been taken to prevent hygiene and contamination

Operational kitchens must be sanitized at regular intervals.

Dettol must be kept in all washrooms

Limit the number of staff to the minimum required staff can be organized into teams to

reduce interactions between teams.

All staff should wear disposable masks, gloves, hair nets and all other safety gear.

Run limited menus and ramp-up in a phased manner.

Ensure proper cleaning of vegetables, fruits, meats and all other materials that are required

in the kitchens; use approved sanitizing agents to disinfect.

All supplies need to be fully sanitized before entering the stores and refrigerators.

Employees must report any situation in case there is suspicion of Covid-19 or signs of illness to

the relevant manager.

Waste Management protocol to be prepared by the hotel management and these measures should

be recorded and checked by the relevant manager.

Hotel management should appoint an officer to follow the entire process on waste management.

Sanitation items and personal protection equipment (PPE) shall be properly and safely disposed

Trash can and other cleaning equipment shall be periodically disinfected.

Necessary cleaning and disinfection processes required to be carried out in the garbage rooms periodically.

Time Management should be ensured to allow smaller groups over a longer period of time to avail restaurant facilities.



Tour Operators shall be responsible for submission of proper itinerary of the group to the Department of tourism for vetting reflecting all the details i.e the route, expected tourist destination to be visited, date,  and time of the visit.

The Tour Operators and Transporters must share the booking of each tourist with concerned district tourism office. The AD Tourism will further disseminate it with Directorate/ Secretariat of Tourism and Concerned DC on a daily basis.

All employees including drivers, crew, etc. must be well-informed about all COVID related operating SOPs.

The driver/crew shall wear protective gear such as mask, gloves, etc. during the entire journey.

The operator/owner/driver shall ensure to disinfect the vehicle according to the set procedures prior to commencement of Journey and before boarding of passengers.

Keep sanitizer for use by driver, crew, and guests in the vehicle.

The driver should be instructed to limit conversations to minimal.

Temperature checks at the start of the trip should be mandatory for guests, tour guides, and drivers. Anybody having fever/comorbidities/symptom shoulder asked to stay back and contact the nearest hospital/medical facility immediately.

Any traveler having symptoms or feelings of COVID-19 including but limited to shortness of breath, coughing, high fever, and sore throat during the trip must immediately inform the nearest health facility on the way through designated Tour Operator. The Tour operator shall be bound to submit all the details to the tourism Department GB.

Travel companies shall ensure that the tourists are seated in half of the total capacity of the vehicle to ensure social distancing and must require to wear masks and gloves throughout the journey.

The operators/driver shall avoid an overcrowding inside the vehicle.

The traveler shall not be allowed to congregate during the journey.

List of use fulltime such as hand sanitizer, tissue paper, surgical masks, thermometers, and vomit bags must be kept for the customers.

During the journey, patronize reputable and hygienic restaurants which adopt/practice precautionary measures and provide liquid soap/ handwashing facilities etc.

Travelers should avoid visiting business centers, malls, markets etc

Keep enough space between work desks in the offices of tour operators

Limit the number of guests in the area

Disinfect each desk, equipment, and work area after the guest has moved out.

While visiting the historical monuments social distancing must be practiced and all necessary gears must be adopted.

 Feedback of the reader will be highly appreciated in the comment box



Wednesday, 24 June 2020

Tour the North Pakistan

Hindukush Karakorum Tours and welcome all the adventure and nature lovers to enjoy their holidays in the ultimate destination for the lifetime rejoice. Breath-taking nature, enchanting tradition, and beautiful culture with extra treks -ordinary art and architecture are awaiting you with warm greetings.  The magical scenario of the naturally blessed Pakistanis something worthwhile to visit by everyone,  either by trekking or tour and travel in the country from snow to land in amazing places of different geographical landscapes one will get to live his/her dreams definitely. It offers one of the exciting tours to North Pakistan and hopefully, you will enjoy the diverse cultures, traditions, and landscapes from the valley to valley. It is the difference from other agencies mostly offering unspoiled parts of Pakistan such as the Hindukush Range. There are several Treks and mountains that are still waiting to discover and explore. We are there to provide our services by taking you to new places.

Day 1-Drive to Chilas 10-12 hours drive on Karakoram Highway, prepare for a simply astonishing journey along what was once an ancient Silk Road and now an international highway connecting Pakistan and the entire Indian subcontinent to China. Traversed for centuries by traders and travelers alike, the route will take us into the most beautiful mountain ranges in the world.

 Highway through Kohistan Region of Khyber Pukhtun Khaw Province, en-route stop at Shatyal rock inscriptions. This morning, a lifetime adventure begins from Besham, leaving the green hills behind, we start driving our day in the black rocks on Karakoram Highway, carved by the brave hearts of Pakistan and China. At Shatyal we take a break to visit the rock carvings left by traders, Buddhist pilgrims, and historians on their way to Taxila and the Middle East. Overnight at a hotel.

Day 2-Drive to Tato& trek to Fairy Meadows:

Drive to Raikot bridge (1.5 hr) where we will leave our car and take a jeep to reach to Tato (2 hrs). From Tato, there is another three hours trek to Fairy Meadow.  As we reach our camp late afternoon, we will take rest at an Alpine Hut surrounded by trees and lush green meadow. 

Day 3-Free day or day hike to Nanga Parbat Base camp and back to Fairy Meadow for overnight:

The optional day hike up to Nanga Parbat base camp does involve a relatively long day of trekking. The trek follows a walk on a narrow goat path along a ridge overlooking Raikot Glacier; it descends to a stream originating from the melting Ganalo Glacier. Once across the stream, the trek rises to the top of a ridge on the base of the snowy mountains. Another descent leads to a narrow reach of Ganalo Glacier marked by ice walls and big boulders affording access across the glacier. Following the glacier, the trek rises again leading now to a wider grassy plane and meadows in the wilderness with wildflowers above the tree line. Nestled between the monumental peaks, Nanga Parbat base camp (3,967 m) offers breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains, glaciers, and huge masses of snow and frozen world.

Day-4 Trek to Tato and drive to Gilgit after lunch drive to Karimabad Hunza:

Trek to Tato and drive to Gilgit, it is located in the heart of the Karakoram Range, surrounded by lofty peaks, the most majestic being Rakaposhi. Gilgit is both accessible by road and by air; the road, journey along the path of the ancient silk route, is an unforgettable experience through winding valleys and tumbling waterfalls. We will visit Kargah Buddha, a rock carving beside the KargahNullah (steam) 6km west of Gilgit along the old road to Punial, which is the most popular short outing from Gilgit. The Buddha figure is about 3m tall and looks down protectively over Gilgit. It was carved in the 7th century and its workmanship reveals a talented master. After lunch drive to Karimabad, the former capital of Hunza Valley, a princely state. The natural beautify of the Hunza valley and hospitality of its people is beyond description. We will rest in the afternoon at our hotel.

Day 6-Visit to Altit& Baltit Forts, hike to Duiker. After sunset drive to Gulmit for overnight:

We will start our day by visiting fairy-tale like a castle of Baltit, above Karimabad, is a landmark built about 900 years ago, in 2004 tentatively enlisted UNESCO’s World Heritage. After the visit of Baltit Fort, we will walk along the Barbar irrigation channel with a striking view of Karakoram mountains adds more essence to our journey. After lunch at a traditional Hunza home, we will visit Altit Fort and Duiker. We will witness the mesmerizing sunset view at Eagle’s Nest Duiker and an awe-inspiring view of Hunza. Duiker is situated at an altitude of 2935 meters high above sea level.  Drive to Gulmit for overnight. 


Day 7-Gulmit-Passu – Gilgit, overnight in a hotel:

Gulmit is the capital of Gojal, is a small village at about 2400m, well above the flooded river. Much has changed here since the rise of the new ‘Attabad Lake’. There are also many superb days walks near the Karakoram Highway from Gulmit. The Gulmit Museum, full of traditional ethnic artifacts, is in a room of Raja Hussain Ali Khan’s house, beside the Marco Polo Inn, and is well worth a visit.  Old Gulmit is at the north end of the polo ground. Here you will find the Mir of Hunza’s summer residence, which is no longer used, the old Shia mosque with carved woodwork, the Tomb of Silum Khan III, water mills, and old houses. Drive to Passu, offer some of the best day walks and longer hikes in the area. The village is over 150 years old and owns the grazing rights up the north side of the 56km long Batura Glacier, so is able to support large herds of yaks, cattle, sheep, and goats, but is less fortunate with its agricultural land.  Drive back to Gilgit for overnight in hotel.   

Day 8- Sightseeing around Visit to Khujerab Pass 4700m: sightseeing around Gulmit, if wish to visit Borith Lake and have two hours to the viewpoint of Passu Glacier and surrounding mountains worth visiting (instead of the visit to the Chinese border between Pakistan and China, it is 7 to eight hours driving on the 8th wonder of the world Karakorum Highway along Atta Abad Lake, Gulmit, Passu and the dry port Sust is a fascinating day. We leave early in the morning from Gulmit and visit to the pass drive back to Gulmit for overnight stay.

Day 9-Drive to Ishkoman Valley: 2 hours driving on KKH to Gilgit which is the administrative headquarter of Gilgit Baltistan formerly known as Northern Area, after Lunch we will drive to Ishkoman Valley it is 3-4 hours on the Shandur Road to the west of Gilgit The Ishkoman valley, running north to south to join the Gilgit Valley, divides the Karakorum Range from the Hindu Kush. It was once the principality of Chitral when there was the Kingdom system before 1972. It incorporated to Pakistan by the same year. The valley is a junction of numerous trekking routes with beautiful landscape and amazing natural sceneries. The people here mostly speak the language of Chitral named Khowar. Some parts of it the people speaking Shina the language is spoken in Gilgit and Punial. There are Wahki speaking people in the valley, in Ishkoman we can walk around different villages, experience the living standard and culture of the region, being a female tourist you will be warmly welcomed by the people to visit homes and talk with the families everywhere you will see someone speaks English. We have spots of hiking for a day too there hopefully you will enjoy it. Overnight stay in the evening you will enjoy a local musical show with dancing and singing in your guest house.

10-Drive to Yasin Valley:

Like the Ishkoman Valley, the Yasin Valley is to the northwest of the Ghizar District. It lies to the east of Ishkoman at an altitude of 2100 meters to 2800 meters. In its the lower part of the valley is wide flat and well-watered, making it completely fertile, with irrigated fields on either side of the Yasin River

  The people here speak the original language of Brushaski which is also spoken in Hunza and Nagar valleys. It has played a leading role in the history of the region continually fought over by the rulers of both Chitral It has played a leading role in the history of the region continually fought over by the rulers of both Chitral and Gilgit, the history of the ruler of Yasin reads like a catalogue of patricide, fratricide and avanculicide.

 Until the twentieth century, Yasin was an important Kingdom controlling the shortest and the easiest route between the Oxus and Indus Valleys. In the early centuries AD, it was the capital of the Little Bolor, which ruled Gilgit, the early in the eighth the century, the Tibetans, who controlled Great Bolor (Baltistan) tried to gain access through Yasin to the Oxus Valley in order to join forces with Arab and attack China. With Chinese help, Yasin kept the Tibetans at bay until 742, when the Tibetans persuaded the king of Yasin to marry a Tibetan princess and align himself with Tibet.

 The Chinese retailed by attacking in747. With 10,000 troops they crossed the Pamir and defeated an equal force of Tibetans on the Wakhan side of the Broghil pass, then chased them across the Broghil and Darkot passes. The Chinese then took Yasin and cut the birch-rope bridge across the Gigit River at Gupis which was a source of access, it took one year to rebuild. Thus blocking the advance of Tibetans reinforcement coming from Gilgit, as the Gigit River cannot be forded in the summer and there is no route along its north bank. Chinese rule proved to be short lived, however, as a defeat in 751 near Tashkent at the hands of Arabs lost control of Central Asia. The Chinese returned in 1749. In the eighteenth century, the king of Mastuj controlled Yasin and at times Gilgit as well. The Ghizar Valley west of Yasin smooth as the Shandur Pass is making it was easy for Mastuj to communicate with Yasin.

 Yasin has playe pivotal role in the history of Gillgit Baltistan. It came to the attention of Victorian Britain following the murder of British explorer Goerge Hayward in Darkot village in 1870 (will describe in the next pages about this).  Russian advanced through Darkot and Broghil pass in order to capture Gilgit but they were stopped at Darkot pass. The British took an interest in the valley and opened its agency at Gilgit in 1877, British and Russian continued to jostle for control. Russian spies stood at the top of the Darkot Pass at 1890, peering down into Yasin, but retreated unseen. Five years later the Pamir Boundary Commission crossed the Darkot Pass with 600 ponies to survey the frontier. The Russian threat subsided, and in the twentieth century, Yasin became another small kingdom ruled by raja. It was absorbed by Pakistan in 1972.

Geographically, Yasin Valley of Gilgit Baltistan is the meeting point to the Central Asian countries in the Hindukush range of great mountains Gilgit Baltistan, to the Northeast its borders connect with Ishkomman Valley which has a long border along the Korumbar and Wakhan Corridor and Chilinji Pass to Chupusan upper Gojal, to the South its border connects with the Yarkun Vally of Chitral district of NWFP now KPK to continue to Afghanistan. Because of this geographical importance, ancient invaders and conquerors used these passes to proceed to the Sub-Continent.

 It was considered one of the remotest regions in Gilgit Baltistan but the modern technology and sacrifice of martyr (shaheed) Lalik Jan Nishan-e- Haider made it accessible in a short time by improving the road to Yasin, once it took eight hours from Gigit to reach there, but now it takes only four hours. The valley is very beautiful with spectacular views of the snowcapped mountains of Hindu Kush and passing through the beautiful villages of Punial and Gupis on the Shandur road leads to Chitral. The people of Yasin are unique in their hospitality as compare to any other part of Gilgit Baltistan. There is unique beauty for travelers to enjoy their holidays. It has camping spots simple reasonable hotels to stay and easy and challenging trekking routes for trekkers and mountains for climbers (most of them are unclimbed yet). You can go on a day short trek or a month long trek from the valley crossing passes from a part to another part of the district. The detailed itineraries and descriptions of the trekking routes will be shared in the next posts. Some of them have been described already in the previous posts.

I hope you will find this article interesting and comment on it. As the Ishkoman valley, Yasin is also an interesting village with hospitable people and some hiking resorts you will enjoy visiting there. This will be an interesting shooting along the Phunder River, through Gupis, Khalti lake is one of the attractive spots on the way which is full of trout fish. Beyond Khalti passing through charming villages and fantastic landscape with rock carving on the roadside. These art forms illustrate the lives of pastoral nomads who may have moved here in early Christian times and show great continuity with similar designs found in the Pamir region. Many shows mounted horsemen, solar motifs, hunting scenes, and long-horned ibexes Furthermore Bathrath River flowing from Swat Kohistan and leads South towards Tangir Valley that needs to be explored.  Chashi, the valley widens greatly, and augmented by tributaries by both the N and S, which provide access to Tangir and Darel Valleys. The main Phunder Valley has loveliest scenery in the whole Pakistan. The blue Phunder Lake is magnificent with the Ghizar River. The lake situated at an altitude of 2800 m full of trout fish. To the west of Phunder Valley a side valley leads to South Hundrap Lake, also renowned for its trout fishing. There is a possibility to trek South from here across the Dadarilli Pass into Swat Valley it takes 4-5 days easy trek from either side.

The roads up to Shandur Pass (3737m) to Chitral a jeep road between the two regions of Pakistan Gilgit and Chitral interesting. The Shundur Polo ground is famous for the Shandur Festival which is celebrated every year with different events. The polo match between the teams of Chitral and Gilgit is famous in the world. There are numerous tourist attractions in this valley as Yasin and Ishkoman need to explore more and bring to the map of tourist attraction. The day will be ended with trout fishing experiences in the Phunder River and having for the dinner to enjoy the last dinner and overnight. Guest House or PTDC MOTEL

Day-12 Drive to Gilgit/Astore for overnight stay: We will visit the upper Gahkuch above the district quarter is a great viewpoint of the Ghizar River and the valleys around if you interested in history will pay a visit to historical Gahkuch Fort. There are some of the remains of the Fort. En-

route visit Kargah Buddha, a rock carving beside the Kargah Nullah (stream) 6 km west of Gilgit along the old road to Punial, is the most popular short outing from Gilgit. The Buddha figure is about 3 m tall and looks down protectively over Gilgit. It was carved in the 7th century and its workmanship reveals a talented master. Overnight at Serena Hotel. If we have enough time in the after will drive to Astore valley to the South of Gilgit to make the next day shorter.

Day-13 Drive to Skardu via Deosia Plateau: Eight hours drive via Astore and stunning road via Astore and Deosia Plateau it is one of the highest Plateaus in the world, a lifetime experience along a beautiful landscape one of the world largest Plateaus. It is only possible if the tour scheduled from mid-June to mid-October.s. Skardu city is a major trekking and expedition hub in Gilgit–Baltistan. Visit its many bazaars known for their hand-woven woolen cloth and elaborate, colorful embroidered local gowns, or take a stroll up the hill to the ancient Fort overlooking the town. The awesome sight of the mighty Indus twisting beneath you.  Overnight stay in the hotel.

Day 14-excursion to Shigar Village: 32 KM to the North of Skardu Shigar the village is an interesting village with Shigar Fort once it was the center of the kingdom and there is an old mosque of 700 years old with the Mughal architecture we can have two hours' walk to Thale Valley to enjoy the beauty of Shigar Valley. We will have lunch at the Shigar Fort Hotel which is running by Serena groups of hotels in Pakistan you can also see the real culture of Baltistan most of the villagers live in simple houses.  We will be able to meet some local population to experience the living standard of the people. In the afternoon drive back to Skardu/ overnight stay in Serena Shigar Fort.

Day 15-Day excursion to Khapulu District Ganche:

Khapulu under the shadow of Masherbrum Peak is a gateway many peaks and glaciers like Siachin 103 Kilometers three hours drive mostly along the Shyoke River.  Khapulu Fort Palace and Chaqchan Mosque are interesting places to visit. The mosque built around 1500 AD is the oldest mosque in Baltistan. The building shows Buddhist influence and Tibetan architecture. If you have enough time can overnight stay there or drive back to Skardu.

Day 16-Fly Islamabad: One hour exciting flight to Islamabad it always depends on weathers’ condition in case of no flight it takes two full days to drive to Islamabad. You need to courageous to travel on the astonishing Karakorum Highway again as came up to Gilgit.

Tuesday, 23 June 2020

COV-19 and Tourism Industry in the world

The tourism industry plays a pivotal role in the economy of every country in the world. It has an effect on a life all circles of life, especially in the businesses.

The pandemic COVID-19 effects on the life of the people in the world cannot be described in words where it affected the life of the people socially, physically, economically, psychologically, especially the health of the human being and on the politics of every country in the world. Socially it made a gap in the social and physical relationships among family members, relatives, and friends all over the world every one afraid of seeing, visiting, and meeting his/her nears and dears. Economically, all the businesses in the whole world suffered from it we cannot look someone for help to or from which makes gaps among the people, countries, and communities. Some people still not agree with

this is something diseases some are very concerned about it. Politically, it made gaps among people and government (political leaders) none of the people any country is satisfied from the leaders and government who seek help from them it is rather impossible for the government to reach out the whole part of the country and each an individual that is challenging for the government. Once we look into the situation our country Pakistan on media unbelievable comments are running it is not only in Pakistan but the whole world is suffering from it.

The tourism industry in the world completely destroyed which is one of the important source of economy for a country some of the top destinations’ 80 percent of the economy depends on tourism such as Nepal and Pakistan and many other such countries where the situation is miserable, thousands of people lost their jobs such as guides, cooks, porters, and other daily wagers along with the tour operators compelled to decrease the number of employees in their offices. Once we look towards businesses related tourism but not only the hotels, travel, and tour agencies but also the other business-related people suffered too of it. Tourism-related people are the top suffered ones in this pandemic. As we look back on the tourism in Pakistan was suffering from some other problems such after the 9/11 and then terrorists’ activities and political up and downs for the decades it was vulnerable many tour agencies quit the tourism businesses and switched into other business but it was not like what is happening today. In the last few years, there was anyhow little business was on the way where people could survive but this pandemic suffered it 100 percent which leads to the miserable condition it takes a more long time to over of this pandemic.

Psychologically, now people are going to be suffered from it no doubt.  Many of the people had hopes on the government seeking help but as I mentioned how the government will be able to cope with this 100 percent is impossible at any cost. Some of the developing countries depended on developed countries in the past but now the situations of the developed countries are more miserable than the developing countries. When we look into the current situation of this pandemic everyone losses his/her hope to survive only 10 percent of the people may not be frightened of it who have huge properties, but still, I think they will be suffered too one day if every field of life stops its activity they also need some supplies to survive for their life. Now at this moment, everyone is hopeless.

The tourism industry in the world is unstable many people make myths about the future for the recovery will take years that is disappointing and discouraging which unbelievable. The tour operators in Pakistan are curious to reopen the tourism in the country domestic and international both with clear SOPs and following them. There was a zoom webinar around 50 top tour operators who participated in the webinar and warmly discussed the negative and positive points opening tourism. Some of the senior tour operators shared their ideas clearly with the observation and cooperation of the government to make sure the following SOPs by the visitors and organizers. Some of them showed their observations on the negative impacts and spread of the virus by opening tourism. Anyway, the majority of the participants favor opening tourism by keeping three main categories to make sure the safety of the visitors and local communities.

1.       Controlled tourism: This means some of the visitors will be allowed in Pakistan with specific members in the group both domestic and international visitors who will be visiting with negative corona certificate from their living destination and they will be screened too on airports and bus stations where they come and go.

2.       Use Legal Tour operators: The second point was focused to use of legal tour agencies for the visitors they will book their tour properly and the tour operators will organize the trip properly making sure the corona free trip throughout the trip with the help of government(especially tourism departments of each respective province).

 Adventure tourism: this point was raised by the top adventure related tour operators that this part of the tourism is less risk involving which will go through wilderness and there are no connections of crowds and infections. The adventures stay out of villages and crowds on the mountain areas but still, some showed observations too in it rising points about situations porters who are part and parcel of adventure tourism this could risk for them if visitors carry corona. It is also difficult to manage for the porters to keep physical distances while trekking and camping in the mountains, they walk, eat and, sleep together during the whole trip.

At the end, the webinar ended with positive decisions that were suggested by the participants rose during the webinar. One of the top fruitful decisions was to conduct some pre-training program for the guides, cooks, and managers of the tour agencies on the safety measures during the tour. Hotel management will also be part of this training to make sure to be well prepared in the opening of tourism in following the SOPs and other safety measures. The guest houses in the congested villages will not be encouraged to open during this control tourism opening. Every tour operator will sign on the paper with SOPs and other safety measures will be prepared by the tourism department and Pakistan Association of Tour Operators (PATO).

To make sure the booking of the visitors will be checked the license of the company on the entry points that will be mentioned in the SOPs.


Wednesday, 17 June 2020

How amazing is your first trip in life

As I mentioned in my previous post that why did I choose the field of tourism which was my desired wish in the very early age of life inspiring by some people working in this field.

I got an opportunity, 1991 I was on summer holidays in my village a trekking group from Chitral over Thui Pass to my village came across and camped near my house. There were 8 British members and four Pakistanis in the group. Their next plan was to go to Sandi Village and trek to Ishkoman Valley via Assumbar Pass it is lovely five days trek along the beautiful landscape with forests, lakes, streams, and spectacular views. You will be warmly welcomed by the local communities in the villages and summer villages during the whole trek. The people of Sandi go to the summer villages during the summer from Yasin side and Gujar Nomads in the Ishkoman side who are popular for their extraordinary hospitality in north Pakistan. I heard about it and requested a guide for joining them fortunately he agreed and the next morning we left early in the morning to Sandi from Thui and reached there around 2 p.m in the after-noon camped there. I was as a porter there but tried to help the staff members in the kitchen, the porters we were around 25 people from Thui until to Sandhi and then he had changed the porters from there. He discharged all the porters except me and one, my cousin, as I requested him to continue us in order to learning. The guide agreed and I was very happy to be with them I was speaking little broken English with group members and helping in the kitchen. We stayed overnight there and the next morning we left early in the morning the guide and the kitchen the staff made my load a bit lighter than the previous day as I was helping them in them. We stopped for lunch somewhere in a beautiful place under a shade of some trees and walked around two more hours and arrived at a beautiful small village with a couple of summer houses and the landscape in the surrounding is incredible that adds to the joy my trip and speaking English with people was something unbelievable for me the people around were surprised as I was speaking English most of them were appreciating and asked where did you learn this English, they did not know how was speaking? It was more enjoyable for me and interesting. The place was Anno Tek (means on the Pass) it is summer village with some fields crossing a long ascent that gives its name. There are a clear stream flowing and the camp on the grassy land. We pitch the tents over there and stayed the night. It was an exciting night for me counting the stars night as we were sleeping in the open air. I was waiting for the morning light as it happens to get up and speak with the people. It was awesome for me every moment of my life and was asking the guide about the procedure on how to become. He was a great guide who guided me positively encouraging replying to all my stupid questions with smiling face telling the members too as what wanted. The British members were too great people one of them was English teacher he taught me on the as remember the things today too like he taught me yesterday.

The next morning, we woke up early morning the guide asked me to serve the bed tea to the clients teaching me the (Hello ladies and gentlemen it is your wake up time here is your bed tea) the members encouraged me saying me Amin you speak very good English, that made my head up. After the breakfast we left towards the next camp we walked about two hours, it was shocking news for the guide decided to return back from there rather than going up showing some snow-covered mountains as saying that the pass will not be easy to cross because there is a lot of snow but it was not that much snow there as I think today gaining experience in the field. I don’t know why he took that decision as he did not want to go across the pass. Assumbar Pass is not difficult to cross in snow as last year we organized a winter group to cross because it is not dangerous. This was some disappointing moment for me we returned back to Sandi village on the same day after six hours camped in the same garden. By the evening the guide paid us some money and the clients gave me some tips too. It was very interesting to me. We stayed overnight there in the camp. The next morning they hired s jeeps to Gilgit I with my friend walked our village as there were rarely few 50 model jeeps were running in our area most of the traveling was done on foot and some horses were used.

It was an interesting trip of my life where I got an opportunity to begin towards to bring my dreams true that’s why I remember every moment time today after 30 years. From here I began my career as to become a guide finding people in the summer vacations for the next two years and I had to quit my studies because of my father’s passing away as being the eldest among my family members’ two sisters and four brothers. I used to work as a freelance guide accompanying some guides and some times organizing single members or a couple of small groups on my own. After three years I was fortunate to join one of the largest tour agencies in Pakistan and led many large groups of trekkers to the mountains of Pakistan, cultural and historical groups in the plains of Pakistan. Today having a mass of experience in the field of tourism and being part of my own tour agency organizing groups in the country. I m proud to be a first-ever tour operator from Ghizer District.